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These two invited speakers are experts in the history of modern Europe, twentieth-century Spain, and the Basque country. Their onehour talk will center on the surprising connections between Basque nationalism and Nazi Germany. This will appeal to the general audience member because of how it reveals an unexpected facet of World War II history and the history of Nazi Germany and Spain. Once the Nazi regime came to power in January 1933, some in Germany looked to the Basques as potentially a long-lost racial tribe that illustrated Nazi racialist theories. During the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) and then World War II (1939-45), some Basque nationalists made contact with Nazi Germany, which is surprising considering that Francisco Franco, the winner of the Spanish Civil War -- and would-be oppressor of the Basques, according to many -- was an ally of Nazi Germany. Both scholars have great expertise on 20th century history and the history of Spain, the Nazis and the Basque Country, and the links between the Spanish Civil War and World War II, and they have published extensively on these subjects.

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